He is also well known for the Fasti, about the Roman calendar, and the Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto, two collections of poems written in exile on the Black Sea. Ovid was also the author of several smaller pieces, the Remedia Amoris, the Medicamina Faciei Femineae, and the long curse-poem Ibis. He also wrote a lost tragedy, Medea.
The word "metamorphoses" is of Greek origin and means "transformations. Within an extent of nearly 12, verses, almost different myths are mentioned. Each myth is set outdoors where the mortals are often vulnerable to external influences.
The second book opens with Phaethon and continues describing the love of Jupiter with Callisto and Europa. The third book focuses on the mythology of Thebes with the stories of CadmusActaeonand Pentheus.
The fourth book focuses on three pairs of lovers: The fifth book focuses on the song of the Museswhich describes the rape of Proserpina. The sixth book is a collection of stories about the rivalry between gods and mortals, beginning with Arachne and ending with Philomela.
The seventh book focuses on Medeaas well as Cephalus and Procris. The ninth book focuses on Heracles and the incestuous Byblis. The tenth book focuses on stories of doomed love, such as Orpheuswho sings about Hyacinthusas well as PygmalionMyrrhaand Adonis.
The eleventh book compares the marriage of Peleus and Thetis with the love of Ceyx and Alcyone. The twelfth book moves from myth to history describing the exploits of Achillesthe battle of the centaursand Iphigeneia.
The fourteenth moves to Italy, describing the journey of AeneasPomona and Vertumnusand Romulus. The final book opens with a philosophical lecture by Pythagoras and the deification of Caesar. The ways that stories are linked by geography, themes, or contrasts creates interesting effects and constantly forces the reader to evaluate the connections.
Ovid also varies his tone and material from different literary genres; G. Conte has called the poem "a sort of gallery of these various literary genres. Fasti "The Festivals" [ edit ] Main article: Fasti poem Six books in elegiacs survive of this second ambitious poem that Ovid was working on when he was exiled.
The six books cover the first semester of the year, with each book dedicated to a different month of the Roman calendar January to June.
The project seems unprecedented in Roman literature. It seems that Ovid planned to cover the whole year, but was unable to finish because of his exile, although he did revise sections of the work at Tomis, and he claims at Trist.
Like the Metamorphoses, the Fasti was to be a long poem and emulated aetiological poetry by writers like Callimachus and, more recently, Propertius and his fourth book. The poem goes through the Roman calendar, explaining the origins and customs of important Roman festivals, digressing on mythical stories, and giving astronomical and agricultural information appropriate to the season.
The poem was probably dedicated to Augustus initially, but perhaps the death of the emperor prompted Ovid to change the dedication to honor Germanicus. Ovid uses direct inquiry of gods and scholarly research to talk about the calendar and regularly calls himself a vatesa priest.
He also seems to emphasize unsavory, popular traditions of the festivals, imbuing the poem with a popular, plebeian flavor, which some have interpreted as subversive to the Augustan moral legislation. Ibis "The Ibis" [ edit ] Main article: Ibis Ovid The Ibis is an elegiac poem in lines, in which Ovid uses a dazzling array of mythic stories to curse and attack an enemy who is harming him in exile.
At the beginning of the poem, Ovid claims that his poetry up to that point had been harmless, but now he is going to use his abilities to hurt his enemy. Ovid uses mythical exempla to condemn his enemy in the afterlife, cites evil prodigies that attended his birth, and then in the next lines wishes that the torments of mythological characters befall his enemy.Ovid, was a Roman poet who is best known as the author of the Heroides, Amores, and Ars Amatoria, three major collections of erotic poetry, the Metamorphoses a mythological hexameter poem, the Fasti, about the Roman calendar, and the Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto, two collections of poems written in exile on the Black Sea.
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BCE – CE 17/18), known as Ovid (/ˈɒvɪd/) in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet best known for the Metamorphoses, a book continuous mythological narrative written in the meter of epic, and for collections of love poetry in elegiac couplets, especially the Amores ("Love Affairs") and Ars Amatoria ("Art of Love").4/5(1).
The Western canon is the body of Western literature, European classical music, philosophy, and works of art that represents the high culture of Europe and North America: "a certain Western intellectual tradition that goes from, say, Socrates to Wittgenstein in philosophy, and .
The first major Roman poet to begin his career during the reign of Augustus, Ovid is today best known for the Metamorphoses, a book continuous mythological narrative written in the meter of epic, and for works in elegiac couplets such as Ars Amatoria ("The Art of Love") and adriaticoutfitters.com: AD 17 or 18 (age 58–60), Tomis, Scythia Minor, Roman Empire.
Ovid was a prolific Roman poet, straddling the Golden and Silver Ages of Latin literature, who wrote about love, seduction and mythological transformation. He is considered a master of the elegiac couplet, and is traditionally ranked alongside Vergil and Horace as one of the three canonic poets of Latin literature.
|He is considered a master of the elegiac couplet, and is traditionally ranked alongside Virgil and Horace as one of the three canonic poets of Latin literature.|
|His father wished him to study rhetoric toward the practice of law. According to Seneca the ElderOvid tended to the emotional, not the argumentative pole of rhetoric.|
|Back to Top of Page Ovid was a prolific Roman poet, straddling the Golden and Silver Ages of Latin literature, who wrote about love, seduction and mythological transformation. He is considered a master of the elegiac couplet, and is traditionally ranked alongside Vergil and Horace as one of the three canonic poets of Latin literature.|
|Ovid | Open Library||Back to Top of Page Ovid was a prolific Roman poet, straddling the Golden and Silver Ages of Latin literature, who wrote about love, seduction and mythological transformation.|
Ovid is traditionally ranked alongside Virgil and Horace, his older contemporaries, as one of the three canonic poets of Latin literature. He was the first major Roman poet to begin his career during the reign of Augustus, and the Imperial scholar Quintilian considered him the last of the Latin love elegists.